Having consonants that alternate with tones is just normal tonogenesis, but when you use the tone/consonant pair as phonemes, and you make compounds by using the toneme-allophones of the head with the consonant-allophones of the complement, that’s just weird.
NiTahateli jekosa ki manali “relais idéolinguistique“. Ko delota bi:
Tarepi bebana joketone jogenosā nevolora ŝemezobo, galāmi ðo nenozoni nebebani li. Tarepi nebebena le, nirigānoso-keloro. Tedamedi ko-he le: “Ke hakate ko”. Tegaleti habebana: “Natāra genosi hakata jogenosō ko”. Tegaleti hanebebena: “Ve hakate ko”. Tegaleti habebana: “Gasakā ĉivone nerode ŝelebohe, najamā ta”. Valeri habebana neṙakōha hekote ko nebebene. Tagaleti hanebebena: “Sifagēdi ĤĈ jogenosu nijoketono, sizehaketa ba, lavahā ta bo lavāhi fagodi ĝu ĤĈ nijoketono”. Tegaleti doroga: “Ferakali”. Tegaleti bebana: “Havaha”.
Mopareti habebana jakōsi nirātore-kelore. Ĝo valeri fagōdi Tamerika menaŝa, tehaketi galōti gānoso-venoto. Natāri genosi lakaĥi habebana jogenose, tedoroga daneri ðo ku joreborō li. Fenehadāri tārisi-henihi gadeli hagenosa nigerode ku, tekateli ĤF meniŝō. Sakehi hanebebena vezoĝe tegaleti ko: “Galeta ba galāta zejakasā hagenose”.
Word derivation for "beach" :
Basque = hondartza (sand + suffix meaning large quantity)
Finnish = hiekkaranta (sand + shore) or ranta
Miresua = hiedarratz (sand + edge or border)
My previous Miresua conlang word for beach was heidaratz. I'm changing this compound word because, in the previous post, I changed the word for sand to hiedar. The second half of the Miresua word for beach, ratz, which means edge or border, is a valid combination of the Basque word ertz and the Finnish word reuna.
I couldn't find the word beach in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, but I found an occurrence in Through the Looking-glass.
"O Oysters, come and walk with us!"
The Walrus did beseech.
"A pleasant walk, a pleasant talk,
Along the briny beach..."
A conlang in which all consonants are voiced, but all vowels are unvoiced.
Anyways, we could maybe try and do something else. Maintain marking with roughly the same amount of different markings, but having some entirely different things instead of person.
Here's one suggestion, and I hope others can come up with other ideas that deviate in other ways:
present transitive, non-past intransitive, non-past existential, present intensive transitive, present intensive non-transitive (includes existential)
past transitive, past intransitive (merges with past existential), past intensive (merges all)
future transitive, future intensive (merges all)
note: negative and intensive do not combine at all; an auxiliary can be turned intensive, though, and have a negative complement.
A conlang where compliments can only be expressed as negated insults. Make negation silent.
‘‘You are (not) stupid.’’
Also, the conlang’s speakers should often use sarcasm.
A language that uses spoonerisms to mark some morphosyntactic relation.
nominative | accusative | dative | genitive | locative-instrumentalThe nominative serves a rather restricted set of uses - subjects, nominal and adjectival complements, arguments of prepositions that are semantically similar to complements of copulas, vocative uses, sometimes also topics that have semantic roles that are rather far from anything that could be the subject.
The accusative serves as direct objects, object of a few adjectives and prepositions, subjects of the verbs 'naxmal' (expect), 'rəntigi' (withstand), and 'drumal' ('repeat'), and complements of objects.
The genitive serves as possessors, definite transitive subjects, certain objects (of the verbs 'surdəl' 'to burden with, to be burdened with', 'gəš' 'to disapprove', 'əseaŋl', 'to marry'), pre-prepositional nouns and the objects of several prepositions.
For this purpose, a pre-prepositional noun is a noun that kind of forms its own hanging utterance in a sentence in combination with a prepositional phrase:
Kadŋi ori i sembern, tauhat ma derilŋa
sit-3sgI he at table.dat, beer.gen in glass.loc-instrOften, pre-prepositionals are body parts, clothing articles or tools: coat on him, hat on head, knife in hand, hand on oar, foot in air. One adposition only ever appears with both preprepositionals and a regular complement - vas - which basically works a bit like 'being', the complement always basically being a descriptor of the preprepositional. If the subject is a pronoun or otherwise markedly definite the preprepositional is assumed - especially if a concrete noun - to be the possession of the subject or otherwise under it control.
The dative serves as indirect object, object of several prepositions, subject of several verbs, object of several verbs, possessors of certain nouns (generally highly animate ones), direct object of verbs that have an intensifying dummy object.
An intensifying dummy object is a semantically bleached object whose only function is to intensify the verb. These often are grammaticalized expletives:
Šamgiti ari xaugna mešdar
rule she INTENSE.acc husband.dat - she rules her husband strongly, xaugna originally being the name of a really minor demon in Dairwueh myths.The locative-instrumental serves to mark place and instrument, but also manner with abstract nouns. It appears with some prepositions and as object of a few verbs. In many dialects it also marks possessums, overruling most of the case rules given above - in most dialects that have this, there's still the exception that subjects still tend to be nominative or genitive when possessums.
A conlang whose phonetic diphthongs are represented by vowel monographs, and whose monophthongs are represented by vowel digraphs.