If these main texts are almost always read while oriented in the same way, it is conceivable that in some culture, the main relative directions when encountered in a text could be given an absolute reading using the religious ritual orientation.
sargəsa mil cəwarta pehite Molčur u simiar u simižar t'ošni-k-sud
sarg-plur we cəwar-peg chieftain Molčur and oldest sons and oldest living sons confirm-1pl-reflexive
'we, the sarg, confirm our allegiance to the chieftain Molčur and his oldest living male descendants'
mil-ta cəwar kŕder ops-ək-rus-olar
we-peg ćwar tax give-1pl-fut-hab
tax is-3sg.fem ≃ (tax is (as follows):)
(III) IIIII iknur
(65 seal skin jacket)
100 musk ox
(IIII) jajra garəc
70 measure whale_oil
IIImirluk asi IIIII IIIkosdo
threesoldier or five threeslave
(two soldiers every third year or five slaves every third year)
IIIIIImiv-tat pehite-ta tame k'ilp tamu minu-m-əl-u-an
1 / 6 village-plur.peg.fem chieftain-peg(gen) son full daughter wife-caus.passive.ptcpl-caus_II-III.sg-pegative
the villages give a son of the chieftain an (adult) woman for a wife once in six years
caska - coins (uncountable, value by weight)
koxrov - scales (for comparing monetary value)
roson - a weight (of suitable size and precision for measuring monetary value)
kampuca - a 'seam' in a large coin for breaking it into pieces of smaller value (from bryatesle kampı-, 'break')
malas - silver (Bryatesle malas, (f), silver coin)
murmalas - silver coin (silver + diminutive)
wormalas - silver vessel (silver + augmentative)
ŋiləs - gold
dʒiŋiləs - gold ring (gold + diminutive)
liŋiləs - a gold coin (gold + diminutive)
kosas - a bag for keeping valuables in
solor - a gem (any kind; colour adjectives and quality adjectives combine to form names for their types)
marug - debt, from maran, carryFor monetary transactions, there's a few verbs and phrases:
marugdan +dat - to be in debt to someone
marugdan +dat +acc - to be in debt acc amount to dat person
marulsan (+acc) (+dat) - to become indebtedOne verb that often is used when agreeing to buy something can be seen in the following example:
faxson +acc +obj compl - to pay obj compl price for an object
ŋitir +acc +obj compl- to demand obj compl price for an object
koŋtal +acc +obj compl - to offer object for obj compl price
sintir - to sell
sinə - ware, merchandize
iś koxro-kt-a-ŋl-ouSince payment generally is performed using some form of scales, 'weighing it out' is essentially a phrase for paying. This can also mean 'I take it'.
"let's weigh it out"
** this particular morpheme, -ŋl- only appears with non-third person non-singulars as an imperative, hortative, jussive, etc mood.
Hi, everyone! I’ve mentioned being interested in starting a chat to talk about conlanging - it exists now (indeed, it has for a while), and we’d love to have you! Let me know if you’re interested.
Differentiate between two types of stops based on the speaker’s level of annoyance. That is, have a series of unaspirated stops and a series of exasperated stops.
- every n:th
- number of repetitions (twice, thrice)
- quantified comparison (twice, thrice)
- quantified comparison denominators (half as, a third as)
- n-by-n, 'by n:s', 'alone, pairwise, triplet-wise, etc'
- groups of people (duo, trio, quartet, ...)
- a compound form for non-cardinals
- existential quantifier predicate
one: er(si) (1, 10, (5, alternative form)), nir (2, 3, 4, 5), nus (6, 7, 8, 9, 11)
two: mer (1, 10, (5, alternative form)), kom- (all the others)
three: siker (1, 10, (5, alternative form)), umu- (all the others)
Ordinals are formed using the morpheme -itkə-/-utko-, which is closely related to the definite marker. Denominators ('a fifth of') are expressed by the morpheme -ertə-/-orto-, which originates with the ablative marker. Expressing ratios like 'two fifths' use the compound form of two in combination with the denominator form of five:
nusadaŋ: alone, singly
komadaŋ: pairwise, 'together (re: two people)'
umadaŋ: triplet-wise, 'together (re three people)'
nusarn: a person, a unit of personhoodsometimes, a joking form 'ersiərn' is used; this denotes someone who by themselves does the work of several people; he or she by themself is sufficient to be counted as some kind of 'group'
(arranged as) eight sets of nine
iś kəl-ejn miŋ-kece
it-acc know-theirs five-PRED
there are five people who know this
A language with attitudinal particles, akin to Lojban; the particle indicating smug or satisfied happiness is /uwu/.