Create a naturalistic conlang with absolutely no irregularities, and have a complex morphology where each of the innumerable morphemes is totally distinguishable from all others with a unique phoneme. Bonus points for a completely prescriptive syntax.
Archive for the ‘grammar’ Category
An alternate English characterized by a sound change known as the Late Medieval Descending, in which non-final /s/ shifts to /f/.
Word derivation for "bull" :
Basque = zezen, Finnish = sonni
Miresua = sozen
This is a brand new word, not a revision.
The word bull does not appear in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland or Through the Looking-Glass.
You might be familiar with the nominative and accusative, and maybe the ergative or some locative cases, but here are some other good case assignments for your nouns:
If you have a noun case that frames nouns as background information (with respect to NOUN), and it is primarily used in legal or business documents, then you should put the noun in the BRIEF CASE.
If you have a noun case that is usually used to describe location in a far off place, usually used for travel, you put the noun in the SUIT CASE.
If you have a noun case that topicalizes hypothetical situations with low probability, the case used named for the boyfriend of the linguist who first described it, as the first description of it was actually used as a marriage proposal. This is the JUSTIN CASE.
ei mene (doesn't go)
menen (I go)
en mene (I don't go)
saapunut mies (the man who (has) arrived)
mies ei saapunut (the man did not arrive)
mies saapui (the man arrived)
mies on saapunut (the man has arrived (literally "is arrived")
et saapunut (you didn't arrive)
saavuit (you arrived)
olet saapunut (you have arrived)
et ole saapunut (you have not arrived)
Älä mene! (Don't go)
älkää menkö (don't y'all go!)
älköön tulko (don't he come! as an optativey thing)
Fear.CNEG-IMPER-PLUR "(do not, ye all) fear"
Fall.CNEG-PRES "(does not) fall"
Conquer.CNEG- PASS "(un)conquered"
Deceive.CNEG-PRES-SG "(does not) deceive"
Suffer*.CNEG-PRES-SG "(does not) suffer"
Surrender.CNEG-IMPER-PLUR "(do not, ye all) surrender"
*as in "to suffer a fool", or such.
If your conculture’s fear that things get strange in transitional areas leaks over into their use of metaphor, they probably will not use creative extensions in the vulnerable liminal spaces. This means that while in-land and at sea, it is safe to use metaphor, on the shore you need slightly more … littoral … meanings.
David J. Peterson received a BA in English and Linguistics from UC Berkeley in 2003 and an MA in Linguistics from UC San Diego in 2005. He created the Dothraki and Valyrian languages for HBO’s Game of Thrones, the Castithan, Irathient and Indojisnen languages for Syfy’s Defiance, the Sondiv language for the CW’s Star-Crossed, the Lishepus language for Syfy’s Dominion, the Trigedasleng language for the CW’s The 100, and the Shiväisith language for Marvel’s Thor: The Dark World. He’s been creating languages since 2000.
In the fall of 2001, David Peterson ran a semester-long project to have participants create a pidgin on the fly. This paper is his final write-up of the project, and includes the full word list of the invented pidgin.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.
Word derivation for "crow" :
Basque = bele, Finnish = varis
Miresua = veles
My previous Miresua word for crow was velas. This is a small change, which I'm making partly because veles seems more ominous than velas. In Spanish and Portuguese velas means candles or sails.
The word crow doesn't occur in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, but it occurs five times in Through the Looking-Glass. This quote is from an old song Alice recites.
"...Just then flew down a monstrous crow,
As black as a tar-barrel;
Which frightened both the heroes so,
They quite forgot their quarrel."
"Ouch, I got something in my eye"
"Something made a noise, and it kept me up all night"
subject: itinconsequential object: Noun, acc Verb: [subj: congruence with Noun]