Archive for the ‘grammar’ Category
Create words in your language that revolve around a basic word/concept, but have different meanings for the word based on the state that the word is in. For example: A word that means "rushing water" and a word that means "cold water," which are both completely different from the word for "water." Bonus points if there is no word for water (ie, the base concept)Tuesday, March 21st, 2017
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I can do that if you come off anon, but I can’t do that on anon.
Kier-kər lend-itiś mesl-i
does Kier steal apples?
Kier lend-ijiś mesl-i-kər
does Kier steal apples?
lend-ijiś Kier mesl-i-tər
Kier lend-ijiś mesl-i-tər
Apples is what Kier steals, aren't they?
lend-(ijiś)-tər Kier mesl-i
does Kier steal apples?
bec a Alas staŋn-u-tor kinl-əc'a' is an optional complementizer that introduces subordinate clauses.
you (c) Alas answer_yes-Q ask-2sg ?
you ask whether Alas answers yes?
Parsing -tor/-tər in this way is only permitted with verbs of knowledge and perception.
The 'regardless of'-meaning usually goes after the verb, but can go elsewhere - clause-initial position or even just before the verb.
wərs-ic sewk-ər kurćap(-utćo) au-tor.Autor sometimes is rendered as 'ator', aukor as 'akor'.
walrus-meat eat-1sg salty(-obj.compl.) is-Q
I eat walrus-meat regardless if it's salty
ΤΕΚΤΩΝ (Tekton) is a new journal written by and for language constructors, containing articles and other material in constructed languages, about constructed languages, and all other subjects of interest to language constructors. Tekton is affiliated with the Constructed Languages Facebook group and the Linguifex wiki.
Tekton is a successor in spirit to Æquinox, a journal featuring prose, poetry, and drama written in or translated into constructed languages, published from 2011 and 2014. Tekton is a home for any material that could or would have been submitted to Æquinox.
Tekton also welcomes submissions covering all other aspects of language construction, including but not limited to:
- Information about natural languages that can be used as inspiration
- Tips on how to start and build a constructed language
- Tools you can use to build your language
- Quizzes and games to test your language construction skills
- Reviews of books, films, shows, and games related to constructed languages
- News about events in the world of language construction
- How, when, and where you can get together with other language constructors
- How to get your constructed language noticed
- Who is looking for someone to help building a language
- Language construction in practice: text and articles written in constructed languages
- Letters to the editor
Submissions are to be sent to email@example.com.
All text submitted to Tekton will be copy edited and may be abridged or emended by the editors.
Images for non-news articles may be submitted only as a complement to the text and in order to illustrate the use of a constructed language. Tekton reserves the right to include or exclude them from the final edition.
Guidelines for Text Written in Constructed Languages
- Text written in a constructed language must be accompanied by an accurate translation into English. Please note that technical limitations may require the editors to align text and translation in ways other than as submitted. The assistance of the author may be requested to resolve any points of doubt regarding the relationship between text and translation.
- Authors are encouraged to provide sufficient explanatory material to allow the dedicated reader to verify the accuracy of the translation.
- The text should be accompanied by a brief description of the language in which it is written, with an emphasis on its linguistic characteristics.
- Images of text written in a constructed languages-specific script are welcome, but they must be provided as an accompaniment to a Romanized text, not as a substitute.
By submitting an article to Tekton, the author if the article is deemed to have granted Tekton a non-exclusive license to publish said article, without restriction as to place of publication, medium of publication, or language of publication, during the entire term of copyright of the article, including renewals and extensions. The author is also deemed to have agreed to Tekton publishing the article under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License permitting all users the unlimited right of unpaid access to the full text of the article and the unlimited right to copy, paste, download or otherwise use the article, as long as these uses are restricted to non-commercial use only and provided that due acknowledgement is made to the original author and the original publication in Tekton. The author retains the right to post or deposit the article in a subject or institutional repository, as long as the posting or depositing of the article serves no commercial goal and the author ensures that Tekton is properly credited. The author retains the right to publish the article in a volume of his own work.
The author guarantees that the article submitted to Tekton either has not been previously published elsewhere or, if it has been published in whole or part, any permission necessary to publish it in Tekton has been obtained and provided to Tekton together with the original copyright notice.
By submitting an article to Tekton, the author of the article will further be deemed to have represented and warranted that that the article does not infringe upon any copyright; that the author is the sole and exclusive owner of the rights conveyed to Tekton; that permission has been obtained for use in electronic and print media of any copyrighted material reproduced in the author’s submission; and that the article does not contain infringing, libelous, obscene or other unlawful matter. If any third party sues Tekton for copyright infringement or issues any claim arising from a breach of the aforesaid warranties, the author will indemnify Tekton for, and hold Tekton harmless from any loss, expense or damage occasioned by such a suit or claim.
I think I've finally managed to put my finger on what exactly bothers me about language evolution, particularly of my native language. It's not the fact that languages change, period, that gets on my nerves; I accept without grievance the fact that the present is ephemeral and all things must change - and I would be proud of contributing to a shared achievement of our species that continued to grow in complexity, nuance, or efficiency.
It's the fact that it doesn't do that, at all. The principle of least effort predicts that almost invariably, the people who will end up being vindicated by evolution are the majority, the people who put the least pride into how they speak and typically carry the least amount of linguistic knowledge. It's demagoguery, but made inevitable not through governmental decree but by the core tenets of human social behavior.
I guess that's why I've always been, to my own occasional chagrin, more into engineered languages than ones designed to resemble natlangs, which - while I continue to have a lot of fun with - I ultimately only enjoy to the extent that they let us break human convention, not imitate it.
Anyway, rant over, I understand I'm being a pretentious ass, yada yada yada, we all get to have one thing we're like that over, mine's language. Just thought I'd share.
Yes, you are being a pretentious ass, but I also think you're being an ignorant ass, which in my view of things is worse.
Taylor Hunt is looking for a language and script expert to create two related written languages (one Archaic form, and one Modern form derived from the former) for a webcomic. Neither language will appear in dialogue, so the written versions are paramount. However, these should still be fully-fledged conlangs. One important detail the applicant needs to take into account when applying is that the writing system for the Archaic language is non-linear (and in universe the language itself was designed artificially, as a secret language and obfuscation system). The Modern language, however, is written linearly. The employer has done some work on the languages already, and will share it with the chosen applicant.
The job itself consists of:
- Two full conlangs, one derived from the other, with a complete grammatical description and about 500 words of vocabulary;
- A non-linear writing system for the Archaic language, and a linear version for the Modern one. No font is required, the employer will draw everything by hand.
The applicant should negotiate with the employer on how best to share the created materials.
Open until job filled
The deadline of the initial project is six months or more after agreement, to be negotiated with the employer.
€1000 for the full project as described above (payment in three instalments at start, midpoint and conclusion of the project), to be negotiated with the employer.
Besides compensation, the language creator will be fully credited for their work.
Email Taylor Hunt at taylorcharleshunt “at” gmail “dot” com to express your interest in the project. Please include qualifications and samples of previous work.
Note: Please assume that comments left on this post will not be read by the employer.
A conlang in which there are genders corresponding to each of the Pokemon types. Transitive verbs are conjugated based on how effective the subject’s type is against the object’s type.
“The sprinkler(water) watered(not very effective) the lawn(grass)”
“The boxer(fighting) punched(super effective) the statue(rock)”