Archive for April, 2010

Hava

Friday, April 30th, 2010

Glyph of the word 'hava'.

hava

  • (v.) to eat
  • (n.) food

Ka hava kaneko ie katativa li’i!
“The cat ate my bacon!”

Notes: Happy Caturday! :D

Today’s cat word is a useful one for humans, too, as it’s the word we’d translate as “to eat”. Eating is an affliction humans haven’t evolved out of yet, so we’ve got a lot of words to describe everything connected with the process.

Below is a picture of Keli going after her food, though I note with irony that you can’t actually see her food dish in the picture; just her water dish. I couldn’t resist her little pink tongue, though!

Keli going after food.

I’ve probably used the word hava dozens of times already in posts here, so it’s nice to have it defined. Eating just keeps happening…

Regarding the iku, I see the human face in there (you can see the iku for hu serves as the base), but I can’t recall what the “Y” shape is for… I know I had a very specific reason for putting it there, but that reason escapes me. I mean, I guess it’s food, but what kind?

Oh! Maybe it’s a mouth and a tongue, like so: :razz: Doesn’t seem Kamakawi-style, but…who knows? The actual explanation has long since left me.

‘itva: to fail

Friday, April 30th, 2010

Why ‘itva? It just fits to the current pessimism concerning my studies…

itva: failed, relating to failure
itva’het: something which failed
itva’he: a human failure
itva’tan: failure

Example: Xe’la’itva xiky’het’ny’xe juniversiti hakim. (1S-PST-fail class-PL-GEN1S university all: I failed all my university classes.)

BTW: English has many words for doing great at school, German has many words for failing at it. Is this related to the general pessimism of the Germans, the higher demands of education in Germany or does it mean that thanks to Sapir and Whorf, Germans are incapable of acing tests seeing that they lack a word for it?


‘aru: to be, to exist

Thursday, April 29th, 2010

One of my readers asked me to do a posting about internet memes in Rejistania. I have not forgotten that, but it is rather hard because I would have to explain colloquial rejistanian first.

Generally, the rather verbose affix system is reduced to what is needed to understand someone If written, the apostrophe (or as rejistanis would call it: kulsi’het) is omitted unless before and after the stem of the word. Lolcats are allowed to omit these kulsi’het’ny as well (if you are not a lolcat, you just look stupid if you do this). However even lolcats retain the apostrophes indicating the infinitive.

What does that have to do with the current Word of the Day? Mainly that there is no impersonal ‘it’ or ‘there’ in rejistanian. Don’t get me wrong: They do use jilih quite often, but only if it refers to something. Otherwise, there have to be different constructions. One of these uses ‘aru or rather: its negation. ‘There is no X’ becomes X mi’aruta. Even lolcats would not make that “*X aruta”, but there is something worse than lolcats: People who do not speak rejistanian. Which brings us back to the topic of internet memes. “*Hakim aruta” (everything does not exist) was what a subtitle-translator made of “all cancel” in a film about a person stranded in a woman stranded in a third world country which experiences an economic crisis. And this or the more general “X aruta” has become a meme in the rejistanian-speaking parts of the internet.

Other derivations of ‘aru:
aru: existant, also current
aru’tan: existance

Example: Isuxeku’het mi’aru’ta. (cake 3S-be-NEG: There is no cake.)


Ape

Thursday, April 29th, 2010

Glyph of the word 'ape'.

ape

  • (num.) one
  • (adj.) first, singular
  • (pron.) such a one
  • (adj.) each
  • (n.) individuated unit of a group
  • (nm.) a boy or girl’s given name

A li ei i ape o temi e neo i ivoate.
“I use a bone as a stirring spoon.”

Notes: As I mentioned yesterday, today’s post will elaborate a bit on mass nouns. In addition to ape’s duties as the number one and a whole bunch of other things, ape can be used to pick out a singular unit of a mass noun. Its English translation, then, will change depending on the unit. So an ape o temi is a (singular) bone, while an ape o hunu is a grain of rice, etc.

Hey, I think this takes care of the digits 1 through 9! Now I just need to do 0 and 10 (and then others like 20, 21 and 100) and I’ll be set!

For more information about the name Ape, you can check out its name entry here.

“Still Alive” part 2

Wednesday, April 28th, 2010

Here’s stanza 2!

Xe’oki’kivetu
1S-CERT-be_calm
I am certainly calm / I’m not even angry

Xe’tanmi il’han xuka jilih.
2S-be_honest 2S-ALL this-ABL.
I am honest to you about this / I’m being so sincere right now

Il’uvuk xe ,mi’halen’ta, venil.

2S-betray 1S ,3S-be-.important-NEG, but.
You betrayed me but that does not matter. / Even though you broke my heart and killed me.

Il’riva xe him['ny]‘han. Il’ata hakim ariv’het’han.
2S-split 1S piece[-PL]-ALL. 2S-discard everything fire-ALL.
You tore me to pieces. You discarded everything in a fire / You threw every piece into a fire.

Xe’la’ariv, xe’la’tore ,xe’isin il’han, lija.
1S-PST-burn, 1S-PST-hurt ,1S-be_happy 2S-ALL, because.
I burned, I felt pain because I was happy for you. / As they burned it hurt because I was so happy for you.

Eha’het’ny jilih min’vasu nenvy’het
number-PL this 3PL-become line.
These numbers become a line

Xen’la’uta ‘kesi. Kemas mi’sumik’jet.
1PL-PST-finish (INF)test. Version 3S-be_punctual-TEMP.
We stopped testing. The release is punctual. / And we’re out of beta. We’re releasing on time.

Xe’elu kiladi. Xen’misun het’ny siki

1S-be_named Kiladi. 1PL-discover thing-PL nice
I am named Kiladi. We discovered nice things / So I’m GLaD. I got burned. Think of all the things we learned

hej’ny’han ,min’sanja kimda, het.
person-PL-ALL ,3PL-live still ,this.
for the benefit of the people who still live / for the people who are still alive.


‘mekuv: to steal

Wednesday, April 28th, 2010

Yes, some of the words are randomly choosen, quite literally BTW. I find it quite hard to use some kind of overarching theme. I always want to show neat things. In this case, I want to indicate that for moral actions, the general terms and the instance related terms are in 2 different classes.

mekuv: related to theft
mekuv’he: thief
mekuv’het: (an instance of) theft
mekuv’tan: (the crime of) theft, deprivation

And, yes, I am working on the 2nd stanza of “Still Alive”.

Example: Erid’he’ny shensa’ta min’emi ,extani’tan mi’aru mekuv’tan, het.
Commited_ones-PL government-NEG 3PL-have_opinion ,taxation 3S-be theft, this.
Anarchists opine that taxation is theft.


Temi

Wednesday, April 28th, 2010

Glyph of the word 'temi'.

temi

  • (n.) bone (the substance)

A potu temi.
“Bone is thick.”

Notes: Temi is a mass noun, and when used in this way, can only be interpreted as a mass noun. So you can’t use temi to refer to a particular bone. To do that, you need to use another construction (which I’ll say more about tomorrow!).

Onomatopoeias

Tuesday, April 27th, 2010
Onomatopoeias (i.e. words imitating the sound they describe) are quite usual in Lurion, not only in words that represent sounds, but also in words that have some sort of representative ring to it.

Some examples:

αᴧαᴧειн - 'to sing' ("ahlalalaala")
κрαнxειн - 'to break' ("krrraaahnx") (with [x] mind you, not [ks])
цοφειн - 'to blow' ("vohff")
ᴧοрδιι - 'heavy' ("lohr lohr lohr")
ἱεнιι - 'thin' ("híëní")

Ofcourse the representations are pretty off (and silly), but it might give you a good impression.

‘dimil: to write

Tuesday, April 27th, 2010

This is a rather straightforward term. It covers all methods to get letters, ideograms onto a surface or into a material. Typing is ‘dimil, writing with pen and paper is ‘dimil and carving an inscription into stone is ‘dimil as well.
For texts which require a high mental effort, ‘odavisko (to formulate) is used.

Dimil means wirtten or related to writing or alphabets.

Dimil’he refers to someone who writes

Dimil’het is a unit of writing, a letter, syllable or ideogram

Dimil’tan means writing or handwriting.

Copying a text is ‘dimilxi (a compound of “write” and “2″), a kehmadimil’het (compound of kehma’het for “flat thing” and “related to writing”) is a clipboard. Kemas’het dimil (which literally means “version of writing”) is capitalisation. A line of text is a nenvydimil’het, an alphabet is a rejadimil’het which means a method of writing.

Printing has a special term: ‘sisdimil which is derived from sisdimil’het (printer) which is just an abbreviated sistenha’het dimil ie: a system/device for writing.

Example: Il’ma ‘dimil ki’tan’il hakim him’het’han mje vesiju itli. (2S-be_able (INF)write knowledge-GEN2S all part-ALL one paper soft.)
You can write your entire knowledge onto one segment of toilet paper.


Participles

Tuesday, April 27th, 2010
Forms

Any verb can be substantivised (is that a word?) very easily, i.e. by adding the affix -οнт and a noun/adjective suffix.
E.g.: ειδι ("he sees") > ειδοнтιc ("he who sees / the see-er"); гυнαc δεδαcεc ("women will (hopefully) have given") > δεδαcοнтιαc гυнαc ("the women who (hopefully) will have given").

Also, infinitives can be turned into nouns (and adjectives) simply by adding a neuter suffix. Here, the nominative and accusative are the same as the infinitive:
-ειн
-ειнου
-ειнει
-ειн

Use

Participles are used in many more cases that most modern natlangs. For instance, participles can be used as any wordgroup in a sentence, i.e. subject, object etc.
Also, participle adjectives can be used to give extra information about any wordgroup in a sentence.