Archive for December, 2018

Lexember 26th: lanna, “dune”

Wednesday, December 26th, 2018

Another desert word, lanna /ˈlan.na/ dune.

Arha nen në rëtu lannur roko.
arha nen në rët-u lann-ur rok-o
erg LOC TOP many.PL dune.PL exist.PFV
There are many dunes in the erg.

How it is I have erg before dune is a bit of a mystery.

Lexember 26th: lanna, “dune”

Wednesday, December 26th, 2018

Another desert word, lanna /ˈlan.na/ dune.

Arha nen në rëtu lannur roko.
arha nen në rët-u lann-ur rok-o
erg LOC TOP many.PL dune.PL exist.PFV
There are many dunes in the erg.

How it is I have erg before dune is a bit of a mystery.

Lexember 25th: okkochál, “scorpion”

Tuesday, December 25th, 2018

Today's word, okkochál /ʔok.ˈko.t͡ʃaːl/ scorpion, is made up of kochál tail and a much reduced form of ochuko bend, fold.

Ëmpin okkochál në kor si mokat harno.
this.kind scorpion TOP person ACC kill.INF be.able.PFV
This kind of scorpion can kill a person.

The word can also be used for someone who is adept at especially vicious office politics.

Okkochál nen tiëtë tui mítëmai, núkkiëlësto so.
okkochál nen tiëtë tui mít-ëmai núkkiël-ëst-o so
scorpion LOC near thus say-PFV.COND.CVB be.in.trouble-INCH-PFV ASSEV
If you talk that way in front of a scorpion you'll get into trouble.

Lexember 25th: okkochál, “scorpion”

Tuesday, December 25th, 2018

Today's word, okkochál /ʔok.ˈko.t͡ʃaːl/ scorpion, is made up of kochál tail and a much reduced form of ochuko bend, fold.

Ëmpin okkochál në kor si mokat harno.
this.kind scorpion TOP person ACC kill.INF be.able.PFV
This kind of scorpion can kill a person.

The word can also be used for someone who is adept at especially vicious office politics.

Okkochál nen tiëtë tui mítëmai, núkkiëlësto so.
okkochál nen tiëtë tui mít-ëmai núkkiël-ëst-o so
scorpion LOC near thus say-PFV.COND.CVB be.in.trouble-INCH-PFV ASSEV
If you talk that way in front of a scorpion you'll get into trouble.

Lexember 24th: lonta, “image, representation”

Monday, December 24th, 2018

Today's word, lonta /ˈlon.ta/ image, representation, is derived from yesterday's launo copy, imitate.

Ën tátiën lës vë lonta chëtu-chëtin no.
this dog as ATTR image RED-bad be.PFV
This representation of a dog is poor.

The ADJ-u ADJ-in reduplication is used with adjectives to attenuate the sense.

Lonta së në ha ríncho.
image even TOP 1SG fear.PFV
I feared even the image.

Lexember 24th: lonta, “image, representation”

Monday, December 24th, 2018

Today's word, lonta /ˈlon.ta/ image, representation, is derived from yesterday's launo copy, imitate.

Ën tátiën lës vë lonta chëtu-chëtin no.
this dog as ATTR image RED-bad be.PFV
This representation of a dog is poor.

The ADJ-u ADJ-in reduplication is used with adjectives to attenuate the sense.

Lonta së në ha ríncho.
image even TOP 1SG fear.PFV
I feared even the image.

Lexember 23rd: launo, “copy, imitate, represent”

Sunday, December 23rd, 2018

Another word I thought I already had, launo /ˈlaʊ̯.no/ is copy, imitate, represent.

Eman në mél si launo so.
child TOP parent ACC copy.PFV ASSEV
The child imitates the parent.

Ha në ël vë vahwa si launat harno më.
1SG TOP 3SG ATTR manner ACC copy.INF be.able.PFV NEG
I can't copy her manner (or style).

Ën në kiva si mitui launo.
this TOP tree ACC good.ADV copy.PFV
This represents a tree well.

All of this is leading up to tomorrow's word.

Lexember 23rd: launo, “copy, imitate, represent”

Sunday, December 23rd, 2018

Another word I thought I already had, launo /ˈlaʊ̯.no/ is copy, imitate, represent.

Eman në mél si launo so.
child TOP parent ACC copy.PFV ASSEV
The child imitates the parent.

Ha në ël vë vahwa si launat harno më.
1SG TOP 3SG ATTR manner ACC copy.INF be.able.PFV NEG
I can't copy her manner (or style).

Ën në kiva si mitui launo.
this TOP tree ACC good.ADV copy.PFV
This represents a tree well.

All of this is leading up to tomorrow's word.

#528Athabaskan languages are known for, among other things, their complex verbal morphology, and…

Saturday, December 22nd, 2018

#528

Athabaskan languages are known for, among other things, their complex verbal morphology, and nowhere is this more true than in verbs of motion. Languages such as Navajo have different verbs of motion for singulae vs. dual vs. plural animate arguments, but also for round objects, ropelike objects, etc. Not only that, but they have different inflections for going somehwere once, going somewhere and coming back, going somewhere many times, starting to go somewhere, getting somewhere, etc. Make a Cathabaskan language that has a separate aspect for absolutely desperately begging to get somewhere, and then once the opportunity is presented, staying put.

#528Athabaskan languages are known for, among other things, their complex verbal morphology, and…

Saturday, December 22nd, 2018

#528

Athabaskan languages are known for, among other things, their complex verbal morphology, and nowhere is this more true than in verbs of motion. Languages such as Navajo have different verbs of motion for singulae vs. dual vs. plural animate arguments, but also for round objects, ropelike objects, etc. Not only that, but they have different inflections for going somehwere once, going somewhere and coming back, going somewhere many times, starting to go somewhere, getting somewhere, etc. Make a Cathabaskan language that has a separate aspect for absolutely desperately begging to get somewhere, and then once the opportunity is presented, staying put.